By Oleg Ceban
The Nobel Peace Prize for 2021 was awarded to Dmitry Muratov, editor-in-chief of Novaya Gazeta, and Maria Ressa, an American-Filipino journalist.
Muratov became the third Russian to be awarded this award – previously, it was received by human rights activist Andrei Sakharov and the first president of the USSR, Mikhail Gorbachev.
Muratov is from Samara, graduated from the Faculty of Philology of Kuibyshev State University. He worked for Komsomolskaya Pravda, in the 90s became the founder of the Novaya Daily Newspaper, worked as its correspondent in Chechnya. In 1995, he headed the editorial office of the publication, which by that time had received the name Novaya Gazeta. Since then, it has published many high-profile investigations and articles of a human rights orientation. He considers the award not his own but belonging to the whole team. Muratov said that part of the prize money would be transferred to the Circle of Good fund.
Maria Ressa was born in Manila, grew up in the USA. At first, she worked on television, then at CNN, ABS-CBN, and wrote for The Wall Street Journal. Today she is one of the most famous investigative reporters, a writer, a fighter against disinformation, the founder of a major Philippine publication Rappler, is a member of the commission on information and democracy established by Reporters Without Borders.
The Nobel Week began on October 4. The winners of the awards in physiology, physics, chemistry, and literature are already known. On October 11, the last winner will be announced — in economics. The prizes are awarded for outstanding scientific research, revolutionary inventions, and a major contribution to culture or the development of society.
The laureates will receive a diploma, a gold medal, and a cash prize — this year, it is 10 million Swedish kronor (approximately 1.2 million dollars).